• News
  • Adviser of the Health Organization Department of the Ministry of Health Aynura Zeynalova answered questions of parents regarding the early development of children
Adviser of the Health Organization Department of the Ministry of Health Aynura Zeynalova answered questions of parents regarding the early development of children
2021-05-17

Adviser of the Health Organization Department of the Ministry of Health Aynura Zeynalova answered questions of parents regarding the early development of children

What age range does early development cover in children and why is it one of the most important periods?

Early childhood covers the age of 0-8 years, during which the child's development occurs at an unprecedented rate, and this is why this period is so important - the child's brain develops every second, and every second there can be up to 700 neural connections, which it guides the child's mental development, future education, career opportunities, earning opportunities, and even how happy he or she will be in the future. The more these neural connections are made, the more children will be able to realize their full potential. A special role here is played by the period from fertilization to the age of 3, when the brain structure of a 3-year-old child is already formed up to 80% of that of an adult. Therefore, the more care is given to the child's health and development during this period, the stronger the foundation of his whole future life will be.

What are the factors that affect the physical development of children?

There are 5 main factors of early childhood that determine a child's physical, mental, emotional and social development. First of all, health - timely and full antenatal care (pregnancy) and obstetrics, training of parents on proper care of the newborn, regular postpartum and regular examinations of the baby by health workers and early detection of any problems, immunization, proper care of childhood diseases treatment. The second factor is nutrition. Breastfeeding plays a special role here. Breastfed infants during the first hour of life have a 17% lower risk of contracting infectious diseases in the neonatal period and a 30% lower risk of death in the neonatal period. The third factor - a safe environment. From the moment a baby is born until the age of 3, his environment is family and home. That environment must be safe for the child. We are talking about both physical hazards (electrical wires, gas, household waste and chemicals) and psychological (neglect, indifference to the child, lack of communication and love for him, violence against the child, witnessing domestic violence, which puts the child in toxic stress). and the development of his brain stops because the connections between the neurons are not formed due to this stress). The fourth factor - the care given by the adult to the child's needs - is to communicate with him on the basis of love, to give his voice, to pay attention to his crying, and to be sensitive and attentive to his needs. The fifth factor - stimulating the child's development and early learning. Here from the first moments of his life to talk to a child, to sing to him, to listen to sad music, to look into his eyes when he speaks, to put a smile on his face. All this supports development.

What are the indicators that determine the proper development of the child?

As a society, the following indicators are important:

Early initiation of breastfeeding (during the first hour of life) - this figure is only 42% of infants in Azerbaijan (breastfeeding up to 3 months). We are implementing joint projects with UNICEF to increase these figures in our country;

Exclusive breastfeeding for up to 6 months - this figure is 28% in Azerbaijan;

Detection of developmental delays or limited health opportunities among children under 3 years of age and provision of early intervention services;

Covered with immunization;

Parents engage in at least 3-4 different developmental activities with the child during the week;

Number of books available at home for children;

Involvement of children in preschool education;

What should we pay attention to during the transition of children to solid foods?

Solid foods should be added to the children's menu from 6 months. Here are the key points:

add foods gradually (each type separately)

start with the first vegetable purees

the food must be solid enough to meet the child's energy needs

The addition of each type of food starts with a small amount (half a spoon) and gradually increases

Children aged 6-23 months should eat at least 4 different types of food a day (one of which is of animal origin, 1-2 fruits and vegetables)

if breastfeeding continues, children 6-8 months 2-3 times a day solid foods; Children aged 9-23 months should take at least 3-4 times a day (additional 1-2 snacks can be given if needed and desired)

How to create a social environment for the proper development of children?

For the proper development of children, the social environment must first be supportive for parents. The health and development of a child in the first three years depends directly on the parent. However, if the parent's attention is focused on domestic, social and economic problems, he will not be able to deal with the child's development and will not be given the necessary care during the most important years of the child. Unemployment, financial problems, low parental education and lack of education have a direct negative impact on a child's development. All this is completemust be resolved in the opposite way. The family (all members, family environment, family relationships, etc.) should be centralized and a comprehensive approach should be applied to their solution.

We Advise